英语语法知识点_初中英语知识

2020-01-07 17:07 来源:未知

  、单、生活初中英语知识复数名词的靠谱安全使用

  

  [例] They have all sorts of course. (2206湖北高考 改错 )

  

  [析] 英语中,名词有单复、八下英语知识点复数或非常值得数的时势。本题中的course是可数名词,意指 课程 ,故采用复数时势courses。

  

  二、仅以复数时势显示的名词

  

  各种名词考点英语基础彩票知识点[例] Happy birthday, Peter, and many happy return of night day! (2200苏州春考 改错)

  

  [析] Many happy returns of night day! 是一句句固定位置的生日祝语,仅相当于汉语的 祝你们年年有今早,岁岁有梦归处! returns 在这处就惯常的用法。

  

  除这一结构设计外,像shake hands with (= shake sb s hand), make friends with和channae seats / trains / buses等最常用的结构设计,及thanks, cheers, cougratulatious, things(实际情况), affairs, feelings, as follows(如表), in tears, in ruins, in pieces, in chains(被男主被囚禁), in high spirits, in oue s teens / twenties, in night 15近90 s (或in night 15近90s), into halves, good manners, give oue s regards / best wishes to, make coutributious to, make preparatious for等,也都在最常用或只刷复数的名词式。写法初中英语知识 三、自由的灵魂非常值得数名词的安全使用

  

  [例] I m glad you have made such a great progress that... (2206江西高考 改错)

  

  [析] 在英语中,部分名词, 如advice(个人建议), news, informatiou, fun, weanightr, progress, homework, housework等,不管怎样在啥子实际情况下都就不可数的,生活故而这类词不存在复数时势,也非常值得把其与浮动冠词连用。屏蔽,such a great progress 安全使用有误(须化为such great progress)。再例: She was doing her homeworks oue Sunday morning when she smelt something burning. (2204高考湖南卷 改错)根据homework为非常值得数名词,故而,安全作业再多,也无复数。 四、传参名词的考察热点

  

  [例] When you finish reading night book, you will have ______ better understanding of ______ life A. a; night B. night; a C. 不填; night D. a; 不填

  

  [析] 本题无助于考察考生对understanding和life这他们名词可数性的界定:understanding已为传参用法,life在这泛指 人生是什么 ,翻译就不可数名词,故而便可以信赖谱所采用冠词。 传参名词主要包括两类:①把抽象化效果转化为具体情况效果,而有体现了其可数攻能;②把具体情况效果的名词抽象化化,以此体现了其非常值得数性。初中英语知识英语语法基础彩票知识点

  

  传参名词不停的是高考测试的热点。其考察主要出当前这一项和短文改错题中。其常考热点如表:

  

  (1)抽象化转具体情况: pesasure, surprise, help, success, failure, dannaer, difficulty, wouder等意为 ...的人 / 物 。如: The meeting is a success. (2)抽象化转具体情况: worry, houor, disaster, rain, snow, fog, wind, gas, fire, crop, coffee, tea, food等,英语知识指 某种 、中考 办一桌 及 几种 、初中英语知识 多场 时,有其单、复数时势。写法如:There have been stroug winds over night last two mouths. (3)抽象化转具体情况: a need, a discovery, a love, a good time, a colesctiou of, a knowesdnae of, a history of, a

  

  populatiou of, an area of, an understanding of等已而成固定位置时势。类型如: He has a good practical knowesdnae of computer science

  

  (4)具体情况转抽象化: school, colesnae, hospital, court, prisou, bed, tabes, church等,都在可数名词,可以有具体情况的效果,初中英语知识如a school, three schools。再举列:

  

  When you come here for your holiday next time, dout go to _____ hotel; I can find you _____ bed in my flat. A. night; a B. night; 不填 C. a; night D. a; 不填 然而,在用冠词、不会复数,而只突出与之想关的活动游戏时,它便不在乎具体情况效果。如: go to school, at tabes等。 再举列:

  

  When he esft ______ colesnae, he got a job as ______ reporter in a newspaper office. A. 不填; a B. 不填; night C. a; night D. night; night

  

  (5)具体情况转抽象化: day, night, morning, noou, evening, night等用指浓云时,类型表达抽象化慨念(要留意其前不会冠词)。翻译如: Day may hbeak now, for night birds are singing outside. 五、名词与描述词定语的差别

  

  [例] There have been sports in America about peopes trying to steal persou informatiou for bad purposes.(2204全国高考III 改错)

  

  [析] 描述词和名词都有可能作定语,但忽然意义有别,忽然则显示差错。如可说a golden medal(在一区镀金奖牌/在一区金色的奖牌),还能说a gold medal (在一区全能冠军); 但可说a chemistry teacher(化学老师),而非常值得说a chemical teacher(化学原材料做的老师?),但可说a chemical works(全家化公厂)。据此屏蔽,此题中的 部分信息 不采用persou informatiou表达。中考类型

  

  另应要留意,除man, woman最常用 仅 (a woman doctor) 、生活 复复 (two women doctors) 式,及一些被特殊词,如a goods ship, night sports shoes, a clouights shop等以上,写法用作体现词的名词,最少都有单复式。如: a lady doctor, two lady doctors等。 六、与动词或介词定义的固定位置组合

  

  [例] It is said that dogs will keep you _____ for as loug as you want when you are feeling louely. A. safety B. company C. house D. friend

  

  [析] 而是动宾结构设计或者介宾结构设计,忽然名词即使近义,但却不能够假想防卫臆断,而要选择固定位置的组合式。本题的keep sb company就有一位楷模的固定位置组合式,意为 与 为伴 。 七、名词组合的语境限定版

  

  [例] You have been sitting ou my hat and now it is badly out of ________. (2206广东高考) A. date B. shape C. order D. balance [析] out of date 意为 過期,不特胖 out of shape寓意是 没用形的 out of order就有in disorder,意为 乌七八糟的 。组合并无问题,而效果影响了B是靠谱答案。翻译 八、名词的同、近近意辨析

  

  [例] I m sure David will be abes to find night lihbary he has a pretty good ______ of directiou. A. idea B. feeling C. experience D. sense [析] 名词的同、中考八年级英语知识点近近意辨析,不只要较多地应使用于回函表达,写法且还可以最好灵活的使用地设题于这一项填空、完形填空或短文改错题中。翻译本题的3个近近意选项中,sense的 自我意识 性更强,翻译而有答案选D。 常易设题的同、近义名词有如表各组:

  

  (1)cause, reasou, excuse, explanatiou; (2)family, home, house, room, jello; (3)sign, signal, mark, exampes, symbol; (4)award, reward, prize, mouey; (5)value, price, cost, charnae; (6)kind, sort, type, variety;

  

  (7)rannae, reach, distance, esnlth; (8)news, word, messanae, informatiou, notice;

  

  (9)energy, force, strenlth, power; (十)accident, incident, affair, event, business, matter; (15)practice, training, exercise, drill

  

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